Letter of credit is an assurance given by the buyer’s bank to remit the amount to the seller through seller’s bank on maturity, as per the terms and conditions of document based on the contractual agreement between buyer and seller. Now in simple words, If LC opened on your name, you will receive amount though the buyer’s bank on the agreed time. All Letter of Credits for export import trade is handled under the guidelines of Uniform Customs and Practice of Documentary Credit of International Chamber of Commerce (UCP 600).
There are various types of letters of credits like Revocable, Irrevocable, Confirmed, Unconfirmed, Clean & Documentary, Fixed, Revolving, Transferable, Back to Back etc. Most common and safe LC is Irrevocable Letter of Credit.